Lady Godiva was an eleventh century Anglo-Saxon noblewoman who, according to a legend dating back at least to the thirteenth century, rode naked through the streets of Coventry in order to gain a remission of the oppressive taxation imposed by her husband on his tenants.
Bonnie Elizabeth Parker and Clyde Chestnut Barrow were American outlaws, robbers, and criminals who travelled the Central United States with their gang during the Great Depression. Their exploits captured the attention of the American public during the “public enemy era" between 1931 and 1934. Though known today for his dozen-or-so bank robberies, Barrow in fact preferred to rob small stores or rural gas stations. The gang is believed to have killed at least nine police officers and committed several civilian murders. The couple themselves were eventually ambushed and killed in North Louisiana by law officers.
The Lady of Shalott is an 1888 oil-on-canvas painting by the English Pre-Raphaelite painter John William Waterhouse. It is a representation of a scene from Lord Tennyson's 1832 poem, Alfred, in which the poet describes the plight of a young woman, loosely based on Elaine of Astolat, who yearned with an unrequited love for the knight Sir Lancelot, isolated under an undisclosed curse in a tower near King Arthur's Camelot.
Attributed to high-ranking military general, strategist and tactician Sun Tzu, The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise. The text is composed of thirteen chapters, each of which is devoted to one aspect of warfare. It is commonly known to be the definitive work on military strategy and tactics of its time and has been the most famous and influential of China’s Seven Military Classics. For the last two millennia it has remained the most important military treatise in Asia, where even the common people knew it by name. It has had an influence on Eastern and Western military thinking, business tactics, legal strategy and beyond.
In Stone Age cultures Obsidian was highly valued as, similar to flint, it could be fractured to produce sharp blades and arrowheads. It breaks with a characteristic conchoidal fracture, meaning it does not follow natural planes of separation. It was also polished to create early mirrors.
In Greek mythology, Helios was the personification of the Sun. Homer frequently refers to him as Titan or Hyperion, whilst Hesiod and the Homeric Hymn separate him as a son of the Titans Hyperion and Theia (Hesiod) or Euryphaessa (Homeric Hymn), as well as brother of the goddesses Selene, the moon, and Eos, the dawn.
St John’s College, Cambridge, was founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII, in 1511. It was founded on the site of a thirteenth century Hospital of St John and, largely thanks to the efforts of Saint John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester following Lady Margaret’s death, the college received approval of Henry VIII, the Pope and the Bishop of Ely. Over the course of the following five hundred years, the College expanded westwards towards the River Cam, and now has eleven courts, the most of any Oxford or Cambridge College. Women were first admitted into the college in 1981.
In 600 BCE, Aesop told a fable about a bat that borrowed money to start a business. The business failed and the bat had to hide during the day to avoid the people it owed money to. According to Aesop, that is why bats come out just at night.