Henry VIII’s carrack warship, the Mary Rose, sank in 1545. It was laid down in 1510, launched in July 1511 and completed the following year. During it’s thirty three year service, it fought in wars in France, Scotland and Brittanny, thus needing substantial renovation work by 1536. Whilst leading the attack on the galleys of a French invasion fleet on 19th July 1545, she sank in the Solent, the straits north of the Isle of Wight. The wreck was rediscovered in 1971 and salvaged in 1982 by the Mary Rose Trust in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology. The precise cause of her sinking is still unclear.